Amelia Anderson, managing director and assistant treasurer at American Airlines commented that “We have not hedged since the merger and our philosophy has not changed. We are the largest purchaser of jet fuel and we think we would be bidding against ourselves. The market is quite thin beyond 12 months,” adding: “I don’t envision our fuel hedging practice to change in the short term.” The merger in question was the 2013 amalgamation of American Airlines and United Airlines.
Fuel hedging is a process where high-fuel-consumption companies such as airlines enter into hedging contracts to mitigate their exposure to future fuel prices that may be higher than current prices, and/or to establish a known fuel cost for budgeting purposes.
The effectiveness of hedging depends on the future price of fuel. An airline can place hedges based either on the future price of jet fuel or crude oil. Additional factors, including difficulties relating to refinery capacity, can also affect the prices of crude oil and jet fuel.
One notably successful period of fuel hedging occurred between 1998 and 2008 when Southwest Airlines saved over US$4 billion through a successful strategic fuel-hedging policy.